Northwestern University Bulletin Dental School Thirty-fourth Annual Announcement 1920-1921 Volume XX, Namber 45 May 8, 1920 Published 'Weekly by Northwestern University Northwf stern University Building CHICAGO Northwestern University EVANSTON and CHICAGO Dental School Thirty-fourth Annual Announcement 1920-1921 Published by the University May, 1920 Dental School Calendar 1 920- 1 92 1 1920 Sept. 27 Mon. Examinations for advanced standing begin Oct. 5 Tue. Academic year begins Oct. 16 Sat. Last day for entrance in course Nov. 25 Thu. Thanksgiving Day Dec. 18 Sat. Last day of school before Christmas recess 1921 Jan. 3 Mon. First day of school after Christmas recess Jan. 31 Mon. Mid-year examinations begin Jan. 31 Mon. Practitioner's Course begins Feb. 7 Mon. Second semester begins Feb. 12 Sat. Lincoln's Birthday Feb. 22 Tue. Washington's Birthday Feb. 26 Sat. Practitioner's Course ends May 30 Mon. Memorial Day May 31 Tue. Senior examinations begin June 6 Mon. Junior, Sophomore and Freshman examinations be- gin June 13 Mon. Commencement Banquet June 14 Tue. Home Coming Clinic June 15 Wed. sixty-third annual commencement The University ON the last day of May, in the year 1850, there met in the City of Chicago, at the office of Grant Goodrich, 109 Lake Street, near Dearborn, nine men, Richard A. Blanchard, Jabez K. Botsford, Andrew J. Brown, Henry W. Clark, John Evans, Grant Goodrich, Zadoc Hall, Richard Haney, and Orrington Lunt, to con- sider the founding of a university in the vicinity of Chicago. They agreed that ''the interests of Christian learning demand the immediate establishment of a University in the Northwest," and appointed a committee to petition the General Assembly for a charter. January 28, in the next year, 1851, Governor French signed the Act that incorporated "the Trustees of the Northwestern University." The name of the corporation has since been changed to Northwestern University. The first Board of Trustees consisted of thirty-six persons, some of whom were representatives of annual conferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church and some residents of Chicago or vicinity. The corporation as at present constituted consists of thirty-six trustees elected by the Board, and two elected by each of three annual con- ferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church, making a total of forty- two. The charter provides that a majority of the Board shall be mem- bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church, but that no particular religious faith shall be required for those who become students at the institution. Amendments have provided that other chartered institutions may become departments of the University; that all property of whatever kind or description belonging to or owned by the said corporation shall be forever free from taxation for any and all purposes; that no spirituous, vinous, or fermented liquors shall be sold under license or otherwise within four miles of the location of the University. After considering several locations in the vicinity of Chicago, the Trustees selected for the University a tract of land on the shore of Lake Michigan, twelve miles north of the heart of Chicago. Here in 1855 the first University building was erected, and about this location has grown up the City of Evanston, a beautiful residential city of thirty thousand inhabitants. The professional schools of Medicine, Law, Dentistry, and Commerce are situated in the city of Chicago. Northwestern University Dental School Administrative Officers Lynn Harold Hough, Th.D., D.D., President of the University. Thomas Lewis Gilmer, M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., Dean Emeritus. Arthur Davenport Black, A.M., M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., Dean. Otto Ulysses King, D.D.S., Secretary. The Faculty Thomas Lewis Gilmer, M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., Professor of Oral Surgery. Arthur Davenport Black, A.M., M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., Professor of Dental Pathology and of Operative Dentistry. Edmund Noyes, D.D.S., Professor of Dental Jurisprudence and Ethics. James Harrison Prothero, D.D.S., Professor Emeritus of Prosthetic Dentistry. Twing Brooks Wiggin, M.D., Professor of Physiology; Instructor in Physical Diagnosis. Ira Benson Sellery, D.D.S., Professor of Orthodontia. Harry Mann Gordin, Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry. Eugene Shaw Willard, D.D.S., Professor of Bacteriology and Dental Pathology. Fred William Gethro, D.D.S., Professor of Operative Dentistry. Herbert Anthony Potts, D.D.S., M.D., Professor of Oral Surgery. William Bebb, M.S., D.D.S., Professor of Comparative Anatomy; Curator of the Museum. Robert Edwin Blackwell, D.D.S., Professor of Operative Dentistry; Superintendent of the Clinic. William Graham Skillen, D.D.S., Professor of Histolog}\ Joseph Emerson Ridgway, D.D.S., Professor of Prosthetic Dentistry. George Bion Denton, Ph.D., Professor of English. Edward Howard Hatton, M.D., Professor of Pathology; Special Research Investigator. THE DENTAL SCHOOL Otto Ulysses King, D.D.S., Lecturer in Economics. George Edward Meyer, D.D.S., Instructor in Oral Surgery. Floyd DeWitt Leach, D.D.S., Instructor in Radiolog\\ Michael Joseph Buckley, D.D.S,, Instructor in Orthodontia. Charles West Freeman, D.D.S., Instructor in Oral Surgery. Rolfe Tainter, M.D., Instructor in Anatomy and Pathology. William Joseph Corcoran, M.S., M.D., Instructor in Physiolog}'. Harris Walker McClain, Ph.G., D.D.S., Instructor in Orthodontia and in Materia Medica. Herbert Scott Ray, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry; in charge of Freshman Operative Technic Laboratory. William Spencer Ryan, M.D., D.D.S., Instructor in Anatomy. Hillis Talley Brown, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Anatomy. Charles Edward Wach, Ph.G., D.D.S., Instructor in Physiolog}\ Stanley William Clark, D.D.S., Instructor in Oral Surgery. Frederick William Merrifield, D.D.S., Instructor in Dental Path- olog)'. Charles George Sholes, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry. Leon A. Marks, Ph.G., Instructor in Chemistry; in charge of Chem- ical Laboratory. Owen E. McBride, S.B., Instructor in Technical Drawing. Roy F. Webster, A.B., Instructor in Physics. Lladislaus J. Nalencz-Koniuszewski, D.D.S., Instructor in Pros- thetic Dentistr}'. Gottfred Rudolph Lundquist, D.D.S., Instructor in Oral Surgery. James Perrie Smith, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. George F. Biddison, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. John Frederick Christiansen, D.D.S., Instructor in Radiology. Ray McKinley Dix, D.D.S., Instructor in Dental Anatomy and Operative Technics. John S. Kellogg, D.D.S. , Instructor in Prosthetic Technics. Theodore Brockhaus Kurtz, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Tech- nics. Henr}' Donald Meyer, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Technics. Harry Egbert Waalkes, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Technics. 6 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY William Leroy Wylie, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry; Assistant in Histology. Leif Fritjof Graven, D.D.S., Examiner of Patients. STUDENT ASSISTANTS Raymond J. Gates, Assistant in Chemistry. Raymond E. Meese, Assistant in Chemistry. Meyer S. Poliak, Assistant in Chemistry. William J. Strauss, Assistant in Physics. James R. Schumaker, Assistant in Histology. Lindale V. Stephenson, Assistant in Technical Drawing. Clyde C. Sheppard, Assistant in Radiology. William H. Sprunt, Assistant in Radiology. The Dental School THE DENTAL SCHOOL was founded and is maintained for the purpose of preparing young men and young women in the most thorough manner for the practice of dentistry, and for the promotion of dental science and dental literature. The reputation earned by this School is well shown by the tabu- lation, on page 45, of the geographical distribution of students in attendance during the past year, from thirty-seven states and four foreign countries. The Dental School was organized in 1887 and three years later became a department of the University. In 1896 it absorbed the American College of Dental Surgery and for some years occupied the building on Franklin and Madison Streets, Chicago. It is now located in Northwestern University Building, at the corner of Lake and Dearborn Streets, Chicago, occupying the upper three floors of the building, over 60,000 square feet. The following men are deserving of permanent recognition for their devotion to this School, as evidenced by their work in its development: Doctors Thomas L. Gilmer, G. V. Black, Edgar D. Swain, George H. Cushing, Theodore Menges, C. R. E. Koch, W. V-B. Ames and James H. Prothero. BUILDING AND EQUIPMENT Northwestern University Building is in the transportation center of over three millions of people living within a radius of forty miles, a location especially advantageous for obtaining the great number of clinical patients needed in a dental school. See page 34 for statement of number of patients and operations performed during the last School year. The operative clinic, sufficient in extent to accommodate the great clinic and the offices connected with it, is of the best design of con- struction, consisting of a single room with arched ceiling. It is on the sixth floor, with free light on two sides and abundant skylight. Adjoining the operative clinic is the prosthetic clinic, and on the same floor the special clinic for pulp treatments, the senior prosthetic lab- oratory for crown and bridge work, the laboratory for porcelain and cast metal inlay work, an impression room, and tw^o rooms and wait- ting-room for extracting, and a room devoted to radiographic work. There are seven lecture-rooms, three of which are arranged on the amphitheater plan and have seats for 240 students. One of these NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY is for the oral surgery clinic which has a waiting-room for surgical patients, a room for diagnosis and the preparation of patients, and a recovery room with sufficient beds for the temporary care of patients. The other four lecture rooms have seats for 175, 125, lOO, and 75 students. There are eight recitation rooms, each accom- modating thirty-five or more students. Other rooms are the anatom- ical laboratory, which is placed well apart, and the laboratories for prosthetic technics, operative technics, chemistry, biology, histology, physiology, general pathology, bacteriology, materia medica, and for physics; the students' reading-room, the library, and the museum. A new laboratory for scientific research is equipped with every facility for advance study of the many unsolved problems which confront the dental profession. This laboratory has every conven- ience for bacteriological study, animal experimentation and the study of human material from the general and oral surgery clinics. THE THEODORE MENGES LIBRARY The Library and the adjoining reading-room occupy, together with the attached Journal Reading Room, 5,400 feet of floor space. It is furnished with reading tables and chairs for about one hun- dred students. The Library contains 6,308 volumes of books on dental and collateral subjects; a fine supply of dictionaries and ency- clopedias conveniently placed in the reading-room for easy consulta- tion; and a nearly complete list of the dental journals that have been published in the English language, with about 80,000 duplicate num- bers. The books most used by the students are duplicated, up to six or twelve, and a few to fifteen copies. The books and journals may be used in the reading-room without restriction, and w^hen the duplication of volumes will allow, they may be drawn out as a circulating library. THE G. V. BLACK MUSEUM The Museum, which in many of its sections is the most com- plete collection of illustrative material in existence, is open to inspec- tion and study. The cases are arranged to show the specimens to the best advantage. Recently the very extensive private collection of Dr. William Bebb has been added to the Museum under the title of the Bebb Collection. This collection consists of paleontological and modern animal and human bones, skeletons and skulls; many varieties of THE DENTAL SCHOOL preserved fur animals, and a very choice collection of ancient and modern-obsolete dental instruments, tools and equipment; many volumes of rare old books on dentistry in various languages; and engravings, paintings, lithographs, and cartoons illustrative of the development of dentistry. All of these have been arranged in most attractive manner for exhibition and study. The comparative anatomy specimens consist of heads with the teeth, with the exception of the gorilla and chimpanzee, of which there are full skeletons. There is a sufficient number of varieties of each of the several orders to afford specimens of ever}^ kind of tooth form and of every variety of placement in mammals, saurians, and snakes, with a large variety of fishes. The principal specimens of human skulls are, first, an excellent mounting of the separated bones of the adult; second, a fine set of dissections in a series showing the development of the teeth and the roots from the first appearance in the fetus to the full adult devel- opment, and illustrating the absorption of the roots of the deciduous teeth, the shedding process, and the replacement by permanent teeth; also the absorption of the alveolar processes after the loss of teeth, with the changes that occur in the form of the bones of the jaws from childhood to old age. The Museum contains also a valuable collection of human teeth of abnormal forms; a very full and complete set of specimens illus- trating interproximal wear and the flattening of the points of inter- proximal contact. It is especially rich in casts of cases of super- numerary teeth ; some illustrations of the very early forms of artificial teeth, of manufactured porcelain teeth, and of dental instruments, illustrating the development in these lines. This collection has been made in the School largely by students and by alumni, and is being continually increased by donations from those who have met with specimens unusual or rare in practice. It also contains a most complete representation of the progress of Dental Hygiene and Prophylaxis as represented by the progressive steps of the development of the toothbrush, and a complete collection of dental instruments and appliances now obsolete in modern prac- tice of dentistr}^ SITUATIOX AXD SURROUNDINGS The central location of the school and its convenient access from every point afifords many and peculiar advantages to its students. It gives them the widest possible range of choice of residence while 10 N () R ^r H W E S T K R N UNIVERSITY attending the school, without inconvenience In coming and going. It also gives the school the widest range of territory from which to draw the extensive clinic so necessary to a great dental school. The patients for this clinic come from all parts of the city of Chicago and its suburbs. The personal influence of the students of the school, each one of whom draws from his own friends and acquaint- ances, made In and about his place of residence, Is an Invaluable adjunct to the number who come simply as acquaintances of the school. Patients who come as the friends of students make up the personal clinical practice of the individual student. In this the out-of-town students seem to be in no respect less favored than the student whose home Is In the city. This gaining, and holding, a personal clinical practice under the supervision of the instructors in the clinic rooms has come to be one of the features of this school that has a telling effect upon the after-practice of Its students. By this plan of work the student not only learns the theory of practice and the manipulations of practical operations in dentistry, but he passes at once to the work of real experience in building a practice for himself; in gaining that skill in professional comity and personal manner between himself and his patients, which Is as necessary to him in after j^ears. In drawing together and main- taining a practice, as his knowledge of dental diseases and his skill In their treatment. For these reasons the residence of students in groups in widely different portions of the city is favored. This also gives the benefits of a more homelike life, while giving In the aggregate a far better conception of life in a great city and decidedly better opportunity to draw upon its advantages, while shunning the disadvantages of large gatherings of students in a single locality. Chicago is a great city and gives many opportunities to the stu- dent who learns to avail himself of them. Lincoln Park on the north offers, besides its beautiful pleasure grounds, some extensive botanical gardens and winter conservatories, where all manner of plants may be enjoyed and studied; a fine zoological collection, where a large variety of animal and bird life may be studied, and the Museum of Natural History, in which there is a very large collection of birds, animals and fossil remains of extinct animal life. Jackson and Washington Parks on the south, besides their extensive pleasure grounds, also offer splendid botanical gardens and winter conservatories. The new Field Columbian Museum, located in Grant Park, offers a rare collection of Natural History specimens THE DENTAL SCHOOL 11 especially suited for the study of comparative dental anatomy, of modern and ancient skulls and the condition of the teeth in the vari- ous races and types of men in different ages. The admission to this museum is free to students on presentation of their matriculation tickets to this school. The Art Institute of Chicago is located within easy walking distance of the School; it offers many free admission hours, making its cultural opportunities conveniently available. OTHER LIBRARIES A number of libraries are accessible to students who have taste for study, or for looking up subjects of scientific or literary interest, or in connection with special studies. The University library collections offer very abundant facilities for students. They are ample in the number of books adapted to the different schools and are so situated as to be easily accessible; generally within the school buildings. They consist of the College Libran% the Law Library, the Medical Library and the Theological Library. Chicago Library (1,019,662 volumes) is on Michigan Avenue and Washington Street, five minutes' w^alk from the school. It is one of the finest libraries in the country. Students may receive books from this library when vouched for by responsible persons known to the officials. This library has also many branch offices in different parts of the city, from which books may be received on application. These are convenient to many of the boarding places of students. The Newberry Library is very large (386,000 volumes) and, besides general works, has also a large collection devoted to history. It is on North Clark Street and Walton Place, and may be reached in a ten minutes' walk. This is a reference library and books can be used only in its reading rooms. The John Crerar Library (430,000 volumes) occupies one and one-half floors in the Marshall Field Building, corner Wabash Avenue and Washington Street. It is devoted mainly to the natural, the physical and the social sciences, with their applications, but has one large room containing medical and dental books and periodicals. It is a most excellent collection of books. It is a reference library', and its books are used only in its reading rooms. NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Admission and Instruction In teaching staff, requirements for admission, curriculum, equip- ment and facilities of every kind. Northwestern University Dental School complies fully with the rules of the Dental Educational Council of America for Class A Dental Schools. Attention is directed to the change in entrance requirements for the year 1921-1922, which are given in detail on page 16. Dentistry needs more practitioners with hroader education, and all who have completed high school and can afford to do so are urged to take one or more years in a College of Liberal Arts before entering dental school. Extra time devoted to college courses will be of much advantage in the future. For those matriculating for 1 920-1 921 who have already had a year or more of college a special curriculum has been arranged, as announced on page 17. ADMISSION FOR THE YEAR I92O-I92I A candidate for admission to the Dental School for the year 1 920- 1 92 1 may be accepted upon presentation of a diploma, or equiv- alent certificate, from an accredited high school or academy which requires for graduation not less than fifteen units of high school work obtained in a four year course beyond the eighth grade of the elemen- tary school. No conditions on the foregoing entrance requirement will be allowed. An accredited high school is defined as one w^hich is accredited as a four year high school by the United States Bureau of Education, or by a University which is a member of the Asso- ciation of American Universities, or by the State University of the State in which the high school is located. In the case of an applicant w^ho is not a graduate from a high school or academy, as defined above, the full equivalent of such educa- tion in each individual case must be established by the Committee on Examinations, appointed by the Illinois State Superintendent of Public Instruction, and attested by him. The Committee on Exam- inations may issue a certificate upon presentation of credentials from schools attended, or upon the passing of written examinations given by the Committee, or both.* *The Illinois law provides that this Committee on Examinations shall charge a fee of ten dollars for each person who presents for examination or for the evaluation of credentials. THE DENTAL SCHOOL 13 The credential covering the candidate's preliminary education must include not less than three units in English, t one unit in Algebra, one unit in Geometry, and one unit in Physics, Chemistry, or Biolog}'. The remaining nine units may be made up of other subjects included in standard High School courses. A unit is a course of study requiring daily recitations on one topic for a full school year. No credit amounting to less than a half unit will be allowed toward the fifteen units required. This School will receive no student who is not present within ten days after the opening day of the session in each year, or in case of illness properly certified by the attending physician, within twenty days after the opening day. It is desirable that students should register early, since the order of assignment of seats in the lecture halls is based on the order of registration. The record of attend- ance is kept from the opening day, and students who may be admitted at a later day will lose their attendance credit for the intervening period. Undergraduate students are not received for special courses in dentistry. ADMISSION TO ADVANCED STANDING FOR YEAR 1 920- 1 92 I Students wishing credit for courses parallel to courses required in this School should bring credentials for same, and should present their notebooks. No credit on the dental course will be allowed for high school chemistr}-, physics, botany, zo6log\% or biolog\'. Students who present certificates from other Class A dental schools covering subjects required in this School may be credited w^ith such studies if the credentials are satisfactory to the Dean and to the professors in the respective departments; but credits are not accepted unconditionally. The Faculty reserves the right to examine any applicant for advanced standing, if in its judgment that should be desirable. Students will not be accepted by transfer from other schools for matriculation in the senior class, except in cases in which credentials and other evidence show the applicant to be exceptionally well qualified, and then only by special vote of the Faculty Committee on Admissions. No student will be accepted by transfer for matriculation in the junior or sophomore class unless the previous record is creditable and without a condition. Examinations for advanced standing and for the removal of con- ditions in t he Dental course will begin on September 27, 1920 — fForeigners from non-English speaking countries, who present more than four units of foreign language, and who can speak, read and write the English language, will be accepted as meeting the requirement in English. 14 NORTH W K S 1^ K R N U N I V E R S I T Y one week before the course begins — and no make-up examinations will be given at a later time. A schedule of these examinations will be furnished upon request. COURSE FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF DENTAL SURGERY The course covers four years. The year begins on the first Tues- day in October and closes on Commencement Day of the University in June. There are not less than thirty-two weeks of actual instruc- tion given, six days in each week. POST-GRADUATE COURSE A post-graduate, or practitioner's, course has been arranged which begins the first Monday in February of each year and continues through four full weeks. A special announcement of this course will be sent on request. See page 43 for list of those who took post- graduate course in February, 1920. COMBINED COURSES Students who desire to obtain the Bachelor of Science and Doctor of Dental Surgery degrees may enroll on a combined Literary and Dental course, and thus shorten the required time for earning the two degrees from eight to seven years. Students who desire to obtain the degrees of Doctor of Medicine and Doctor of Dental Surgery may enroll for a combined medical and dental course, and thus shorten the time of earning these degrees from nine to seven years, which includes one year of hospital intern- ship. In order to enroll for this course it w^ill be necessary for the student to have completed the two required pre-medical years in a College of Liberal Arts. Students who desire to obtain the three degrees. Bachelor of Science, Doctor of Medicine and Doctor of Dental Surgery, may do so by taking three years in the College of Liberal Arts before entering upon the combined medical and dental course. Details regarding the combined courses will be furnished upon application. THE DENTAL SCHOOL IS Courses— 1920-1921 Five years ago, In 191 5-16, this School adopted the general plan of teaching by the division of classes into small sections for recitation and laboratory periods, in order that the student might receive more thorough instruction. To accomplish this, the building w^as re- modeled to provide necessary additional rooms and laboratory facili- ties, and the teaching staff was increased in every department. A general rearrangement of courses has been made by which better co-ordination and sequence of related subjects has been obtained. REGULAR FOUR YEAR CURRICULUM FOR STUDENTS MATRICULATING WITH 15 HIGH SCHOOL UNITS FRESHMAN YEAR Hours a week Hours a year Recitation Laboratory Recitation Laboratory English 2 64 Physics I 3(1 Sem.) 32 48 Technical Drawing 3 (i Sem.) 48 Biology 2 (ist Sem.) 4 (ist Sem.) 32 64 Anatomy i (i Sem.) 6 (i Sem.) 16 96 Chemistry, Inorganic, and Metallurgy 2 4 64 128 Histology, General 2 (2d Sem.) 4 (2d Sem.) 32 64 Dental Anatomy i (ist Sem.) 6 (ist Sem.) 16 96 Operative Technics i (2d Sem.) 6 (2d Sera.) 16 96 Prosthetic Technics i 9 32 288 Mouth Hygiene i 16 loj^ 29 320 928 — 1,248 SOPHOMORE YEAR Hours a week Hours a year Recitation Laboratory Recitation Laboratory English I (2d Sem.) 16 Anatomy of Head and Neck 2 (i Sem.) 9 (i Sem.) 32 144 Histology, Dental i 3 32 96 Chemistry, Organic and Physiological i 3 32 96 Physiology 2 3 (i Sem.) 64 48 Bacteriology i 3 32 96 Comparative Dental Anat- omy I (i Sem.) 16 Operative Technics 2 6 (i Sem.) 64 96 Prosthetic Technics i 9 32 288 Clinical Operative and Prosthetic Dentistry .... 6 (2d Sem.) 96 10 31 320 960 — 1,280 16 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY JUNIOR YEAR Hours a week Recitation Laboratory Physiology Physical Diagnosis Pathology Materia Medica Dental Pathology Dental Radiology Mouth Hygiene Orthodontia Operative Dentistry 2 Anesthesia Prosthetic Dentistry Principles of Surgery Extraction Clinic Clinical Operative and Prosthetic Dentistry .... Hours a year Recitation Laboratory (i Sem.) (i Sem.) (i Sem.) (i Sem.) (i Sem.) (i Sem.) Sem.) Sem.) Sem.) Sem.) (I (i Sem.) (i Sem.) 32 16 32 32 32 16 16 16 64 16 32 16 48 48 16 48 96 16 640 30 320 96c ■1,280 SENIOR YEAR Hours a week Hours a year Recitation Laboratory Recitation Laboratory *Dental Pathology 2 Jurisprudence and Ethics.. i (i Sem.) Dental Economics i (i Sem.) *Oral Surgery 2 *Operative Dentistry i *Prosthetic Dentistry 2 Orthodontia i Special Clinics for Divisions of Class, in Extraction, Oral Surgery, Peridental Diseases, Operative and Prosthetic Dentistry .... Clinical Practice in Ortho- dontia, Operative and Prosthetic Dentistry .... 64 16 16 64 32 64 32 64 r for each \ ^ \ Division J * 30 34 960 288 1,088—1,376 ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR YEAR I92I-I922 Beginning with the school year 1 921 -1922, one year of Liberal Arts will be required for admission to the Dental course. A candidate for admission for the year 1921-1922 may be accepted on presentation of the following credits: High School: Fifteen units from an accredited high school or *One hour each week will be devoted to seminar work, consisting of the reading and discussion of themes prepared by members of the class. THE DENTAL SCHOOL 17 academy, which shall include three units of English, two units of foreign language, one unit of algebra, one unit of geometry and one unit of physics. The remaining seven units may be made up of other subjects in standard High School courses. College: Thirty semester-hours in a College of Liberal Arts which is recognized by Northwestern University, which shall include six semester-hours of English, six semester-hours of inorganic chem- istry and six semester-hours of zoology. If physics is not offered for entrance, it must be taken during the first year of the dental course. High school chemistry, biology or zoology can not be substituted for the college credits required in chemistry and zoology. SPECIAL CURRICULUM FOR STUDENTS MATRICULATING IN I92O WITH ONE OR MORE YEARS OF COLLEGE FRESHMAN YEAR Hours a week Hours a year Recitation Laboratory Recitation Laboratory Anatomy 2 73^ Aver. 64 240 Histology 2 4 64 128 Chemistry, Organic and Physiological i 3 32 96 Dental Anatomy i (ist Sem.) 6 (ist Sem.) 16 96 Operative Technics i (2d Sem.) 6 (2d Sem.) 16 96 Prosthetic Technics i 9 32 288 7 29^^ Aver. 2^4 944 — 1,168 SOPHOMORE YEAR Hours a week Hours a year Recitation Laboratory Recitation Laboratory Physiology a 3 64 96 Bacteriology 2 3 64 96 Pathology i 3 32 96 Comp. Dental Anatomy... i (i Sem.) 2 (i Sem.) 16 32 Operative Technics 2 6 (ist Sem.) 64 96 Prosthetic Technics i 9 32 288 Orthodontia Technics .... 1(1 Sem.) 3 (i Sem.) 16 48 Clinical Operative and Prosthetic Dentistry .... 6 (2d Sem.) 96 9 26H Aver. 288 848—1,136 In the junior year this group will take the regular four-year curriculurn, except the course in pathology, for w^hich a course in the principles of medicine will be substituted. In the senior year this group w^ill take the regular four-year curriculum. Beginning with the year 192 1- 1922 the regular four-year cur- riculum will be practically the same as the special curriculum given above for students w^ho have had one or more years of college. 18 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Anatomy DR. TAINTER FRESHMAN YEAR a. * Lecture-recitation — Osteology of the Entire Body — Twelve weeks, class divided into sections, each section one hour a week. Dr. Tainter and Dr. Ryan. b. Lecture-recitation — Syndesmology and Myology — Four weeks, one hour a week. Dr. Tainter and Dr. Ryan. c. Laboratory — Human Dissections — The upper or lower ex- tremity and the abdomen are dissected. One semester. Class divided into sections, each section two three-hour periods each week. Dr. Tainter, Dr. Ryan, and Assistants. SOPHOMORE YEAR d. Lecture-recitation — Angeology, Neurology, Organs of the Senses and Splanchnology — One semester, one hour a week. Dr. Tainter and Dr. Ryan. e. Laboratory — Human Dissections — The Head, Neck and Thorax. Surgical anatomy of the Head and Neck. One semester. Class divided into sections, each section two three-hour periods a week. Dr. Tainter, Dr. Ryan, and Assistants. Bacteriology PROFESSOR WILLARD SOPHOMORE YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — Principles of Bacteriology — The prepara- tion of culture media; management of laboratory cultures; distin- guishing varieties of micro-organisms in laboratory cultures; physi- ology of micro-organisms; poisons produced by micro-organisms; diseases caused by micro-organisms, particularly those of the teeth and mouth; susceptibility and immunity to diseases. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Willard. b. Laboratory — Preparation of culture media; planting and management of cultures; separation of species in mixed cultures; deriving pure cultures from infected animals; cultures from saliva, from mucous membranes, and from carious teeth; staining, mount- ing, and microscopic studies; diagnosis of unknowns. Class divided into sections, each section three hours a week throughout the year. Professor Willard and Assistant. *For all lecture-recitation courses, lectures are given to the entire class, and the class is divided into sections of about forty for recitations. As a rule, there are three recitation periods following each lecture. THE DENTAL SCHOOL 19 Biology PROFESSOR SKILLEN FRESHMAN YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — Studies of the properties of living mat- ter; a few selected types of flowering plants and invertebrate animals. Organic evolution, studies of the development of animals, using eggs of fishes, amphibia and the chick. First semester, two hours a week. Professor Skillen. b. Laboratory — The course in the laboratory will parallel the lecture-recitation course, and will consist of demonstration experi- ments and studies by members of the class. First semester. Class divided into sections, each section two tw^o-hour periods per week. Professor Skillen and Dr. Wylie. Chemistry PROFESSOR GORDIN FRESHMAN YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — General and Inorganic Chemistry — First semester. Class divided in sections. Two hours a week. Profes- sor Gordin and Mr. Marks. b. Laboratory — Illustrative experiments in General and Inor- ganic Chemistry. First semester. Class divided into sections, each section two tw^o-hour periods a wxek. Professor Gordin, Mr. Marks, and Assistants. c. Lecture-recitation — General and Inorganic Chemistry — Sec- ond semester. Two hours a w^eek. Professor Gordin and Mr. Marks. d. Laboratory — The metals and their compounds. Qualitative chemical analysis of unknown mixtures, particularly bases and alloys. Second semester. Class divided into sections, each section two two- hour periods a week. Professor Gordin, Mr. Marks, and Assistants. SOPHOMORE YEAR e. Lecture-recitation — Organic Chemistry — First semester, one hour a week. Professor Gordin and Mr. Marks. f. Lecture-recitation — Organic and Physiological Chemistry — Second semester, one hour a w^eek. Professor Gordin and Mr. Marks. g. Laboratory — Quantitative chemical analysis of dental alloys, etc. Refining of gold, silver, and other metals. Laboratory study of cements and other filling materials. Assay of dental alloys for gold, silver, tin, platinum. Practical problems of dental chemistry. 20 N O R T H W E S T P: R N U N I V E R S Kf Y Illustrative experiments in Organic Chemistry. Analysis of saliva. Urine analysis. Class divided into sections, each section three hours a week. Professor Gordin, Mr. Marks, and Assistants. Comparative Dental Anatomy PROFESSOR BEBB SOPHOMORE YEAR a. Lecture — Evolution — The meaning of similarity of structure; natural selection; changes in organs; correlation of growth between parts; principles of heredity and of fixity of species; tooth forms; definitions and descriptions of the varieties of forms; the typical mammalian dentition; classification of the animal kingdom, with concise descriptions of the typical characteristics of each. One se- mester. One lecture or recitation a week. Professor Bebb. b. Laboratory — Small groups in the Museum for study of speci- mens. Dental Economics DR. O. U. KING SENIOR YEAR a. Lecture — Dental Economics — This course embraces practice building, methods of obtaining and retaining patients, business rela- tions between the dentist and his patients, fees, accounts, records of operations, presentation and collection of accounts, methods of econ- omy in the conduct of an office. One semester, one hour a week. Dr. O. U. King. Dental Jurisprudence and Ethics PROFESSOR NOYES SENIOR YEAR a. Lecture — Ethics — Elementary principles of ethics; profes- sional ethics; state laws relating to dentistry; Illinois dental law; dental jurisprudence; general review. One semester, one hour a week. Professor Noyes. English PROFESSOR DENTON FRESHMAN YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — Composition and rhetoric. Study of the sentence ; grammar and punctuation ; diction ; themes. First semester, two hours a week. Professor Denton. THE DENTAL SCHOOL b. Lecture-recitation — Types of literature; the drama; the essay; the novel. Second semester, t^vo hours a week. Professor Denton. SOPHOMORE YEAR c. Lecture-recitation — Composition and rhetoric. Study of the paragraph ; the composition as a whole ; analyses and outlines ; long theme. The preparation of professional papers; the use of libraries, bibliographies, footnotes. Second semester, one hour a week. Pro- fessor Denton, JUNIOR YEAR d. Long Theme — Each member of the class will prepare one long theme compiled from the periodical and other dental literature. Professor Denton. SENIOR YEAR e. Seminar-Theme — All review^s prepared by members of the class for the seminars in oral surger}-, dental patholog}^ prosthetic dentistr}^ and operative dentistry will be criticized before they are read before the class. Conferences with the student essayists and discussers. Professor Denton. Histology PROFESSOR SKILLEN FRESHMAN YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — The construction and the use of the microscope. A study of cell structure and functions; the elementary tissues; histolog}^ of the organs; circulator}', lymphatic, alimentary tract, and accessory glands, respiratory system, urinary- organg and skin. Second semester, two hours a week. Professor Skillen. b. Laboratory — A laboratory study of the subjects of the lecture course. Second semester. Class divided into sections, each section two two-hour periods a w^ek. Professor Skillen and Dr. Wylie. c. Recitations — During laboratory hours. SOPHOMORE YEAR d. Lecture-recitation — The Dental Tissues — Enamel ; the peri- dental membranes; periosteum; bone; mucous membranes and other soft tissues of the mouth. One and two-thirds semesters. One hour a week. Professor Skillen. e. Lecture-recitation — Embryology — One hour a week. One- third of a semester. Professor Skillen. 22 N O R 1 H W E S T E R N U N 1 V E R S IT Y f. Laboratory — A laboratory study of the subjects of lecture courses d and e. Class divided into sections, each section one three- hour period a week throughout the year. Professor Skillen and Dr. Wylie. g. Recitations — During laboratory hours throughout the year. Materia Medica and Therapeutics DR. MC CLAIN JUNIOR YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — The sources and various forms of drugs; general and local action of drugs; agencies that modify the action of drugs; the art of prescribing medicines; a critical study of about one hundred drugs, classified according to their therapeutic and toxic action. Medication for dental purposes. One hour a w^eek throughout the year. Dr. McClain. b. Laboratory — Study of the origin and preparation of various drugs; prescription w^riting; dispensing; reactions, antidotes for poisons, etc. Class divided into sections, each section three hours a vreek during one semester. Dr. McClain. Mouth Hygiene; Oral Prophylaxis PROFESSOR BLACK FRESHMAN YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — This course will include a presentation of the general problems involved in disease of the oral cavity, with a discussion of means of prevention. The various methods of main- taining mouth cleanliness will be discussed, and the technic will be given in detail. First semester. One hour a week. Professor Black. JUNIOR YEAR b. Lecture — Oral Prophylaxis and Mouth Hygiene — Preven- tive measures which may be employed by both dentist and patient. Mouth hygiene technique. The relation between operative and pros- thetic procedures to the diseases of the soft tissues. Teaching of mouth hygiene technique in public schools, and dental service in public schools and eleemosynary institutions. Second semester. One hour a week. Professor Black. THE DENTAL SCHOOL Operative Dentistry and Dental Pathology PROFESSOR BLACK, PROFESSOR GETHRO, PROFESSOR WILLARD, PROFESSOR BLACKWELL Dental Axatomy, Operative Technics FRESHMAN YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — Descriptive Anatomy of the Human Teeth — Nomenclature. Studies of the maxilla and mandible, with especial attention to the surgical anatomy. First semester. One hour a week. Dr. Ray. b. Laboratory — Studies of the forms of individual teeth ; carv- ing the tooth forms in bone or ivory; dissections and studies of the internal parts — pulp chambers and root canals. First semester. Class divided into sections, each section two three-hour periods a week. Dr. Ray and Dr. Dix. c. Lecture-recitation — Instruments and Instrumentation — A study of instrument forms, instrument construction, and the adapta- tion of instruments to the excavation of cavities. Cavity Nomen- clature — A study of the location of cavities in extracted teeth, of the forms of prepared cavities, and of the use of instruments in their preparation. Oral Prophylaxis — Studies of instruments and ma- nipulation. Second semester. One hour a week. Dr. Ray. d. Laboratory — Study of instrument forms; a set of forty-eight excavators made to millimeter scale in brass; preparation of cavities in extracted human teeth, ivory or bone. Second semester. Class divided into sections. Each section two three-hour periods a week. Dr. Ray and Dr. Dix. Operative Dentistry SOPHOMORE YEAR e. Lecture-recitation — Technical Procedures in Cavity Prepara- tion and in Filling Teeth — Cavity nomenclature ; cavity preparation ; principles, instruments and appliances, and instrumentation ; cavity preparation by classes of cavities. Filling materials; instruments and instrumentation, physics of filling operations, finishing fillings. Fill- ing with gold foil, gold inlays, amalgam, cements, gutta-percha. Ex- posure and removal of the dental pulp. Preparation and filling of root canals. Two hours a week throughout the vear. Professor Blackwell. f. Laboratory — Preparation of cavities and manipulation of the various filling materials. Pulp treatment and the filling of root 24 N () R T H W K S T K R N U N I V E R S IT Y canals. Instrumentation in oral prophylaxis and in the treatment of diseases of the peridental membrane. These operations are performed with extracted human teeth, placed in position in the jaws of man- ikins, the conditions being as nearly like those met with in actual practice as possible. First semester, two three-hour periods a week. Dr. Meyer and Dr. Waalkes. g. Operative Clinic — Open to Sophomore students six hours a week during the second semester. Operations are required amount- ing to fifty points in gold fillings, fifty points in gold inlays, fifty points in amalgam fillings and fifty points in treatments. Professor Blackwell, Dr. Freeman, Dr. Meyer, Dr. Waalkes, and Assistants. JUNIOR YEAR h. Lecture-recitation — Review of Technical Procedures in Fill- ing Teeth — The Hard Tissues of the Teeth — Studies of the dys- trophies of the enamel, of erosion, abrasion, and dental caries; caries of enamel; caries of dentin; inception and progress of dental caries; conditions of the beginning of dental caries; systemic causes of dental caries; susceptibility from and immunity to dental caries; vital phenomena in dental caries ; hyperesthesia of dentin ; treatment of dental caries; curative effect of fillings; selection of filling materials. First semester. One hour a week. Professor Gethro, Dr. Smith, and Dr. Biddison. i. Lecture-recitation — The force used in mastication in relation to operative procedures; treatment of dental caries; management of cavities by classes; ''extension for prevention" and its limitations; esthetic considerations; the deciduous teeth, their pathology and treat- ment ; the childhood period of the permanent teeth ; management of patients. Second semester. One hour a w^eek. Professor' Gethro, Dr. Smith and Dr. Biddison. j. Operative Clinic — Open to Junior students eighteen hours a week during the entire year. Operations amounting to one hundred points required in gold fillings, one hundred points in gold inlays and one hundred points in amalgam fillings. Credit points are given for fillings ranging from one to ten points. The location of the cavity, the operative difficulties encountered, and the excellence of the completed operation determine the amount of points earned in each case. Professor Black, Professor Gethro, Professor Willard, Professor Blackwell, Dr. Freeman, and Assistants. SENIOR YEAR k. Seminar-Theme — Review of the literature of operative den- tistry. For this course selected groups of articles in the periodical literature and subjects in books will be assigned to small groups for THE DENTAL SCHOOL 25 seminar study. Each week a short theme will be presented by a mem- ber of the class and discussed by others. One hour a week through- out the year. Professor Blackwell. 1. Operative Clinic — Open to Senior students daily throughout the 3ear. Operations amounting to two hundred points are required in gold fillings, two hundred points in gold inlays and two hundred points in amalgam. Professor Black, Professor Gethro, Professor Willard, Professor Blackwell, Dr. Freeman, and Assistants. m. Special Operative Clinic — Each section one hour a week for five weeks. Professor Gethro. Dental Pathology and Therapeutics JUNIOR YEAR n. Lecture-recitation — Pathology and Treatment of the Gin- givae and Peridental Membrane and of the Dental Pulp — Review of the histological structures and physical functions of the tissues, their diseases and treatment. In this course especial attention will be given to the technical procedures and their application in the clinic. Radiographic studies of cases of peridental disease and apical infections, also of root canal fillings, form an important feature of this course. About 17,000 radiographs were taken for school patients last year. Oral prophylaxis and mouth hygiene — preventive measures which should be employed by dentist and patient — will be presented. One hour a week throughout the year. Dr. Merrifield. o. Lecture-recitation — Pathology and Treatment of the Dental Pulp — Review of histological structure and functions ; hyperemia and inflammation, obtunding sensitive dentin ; devitalization ; removal ; treatment of canals ; root filling ; aseptic technique ; alveolar abscess ; chronic osteitis; necrosis of bone; studies of antiseptics and their effect on the tissues; bleaching teeth. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Willard. p. Laboratory — Histo-pathological Studies of the Teeth ana Their Investing Tissues — The changes which occur in hard tissues in the various dystrophies — atrophy, mottled teeth, white enamel, etc. ; in dental caries, secondar>^ dentin and excementosis ; also the changes in the pulp in inflammation and the various forms of calcification : and in the peridental tissues in chronic alveolar abscess and chronic pericementitis. One period of three hours a week during one semes- ter. Professor Black and Dr. Tainter. q. Clinical Practice — Junior students are required to make one hundred points in practical treatments in the clinic. 26 N ( ) R T H W E S T K R N UNIVERSITY SENIOR YEAR r. Lecture-recitation — Pathology of Both the Hard and Soft Tissues of the Teeth — Studies of the dystrophies of the enamel, of erosion, abrasion and dental caries; of the diseases and treatment of the gingivae and peridental membranes, and of the dental piilp. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Black. s. Seminar-Thenie — Review of the literature of dental pa- thology and studies in the Research Laboratory. In this course se- lected groups of articles in the periodical literature and subjects in books will be assigned to small groups for seminar study. Groups will also be assigned to the Research Laboratory. Each week a short theme will be presented by a member of the class and discussed by others. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Black. t. Clinical Practice — Senior students are required to make two hundred points in practical treatments in the clinic. Radiographic studies of peridental disease and apical infections, also of root canal fillings, will be an important part of the care of cases in the clinic. About 17,000 radiographs were taken for school patients last year. u. Peridental Membrane Clinic — Each section, one hour a week for five weeks. Professor Black and Dr. Merrifield. Oral Surgery PROFESSOR GILMER AND PROFESSOR POTTS JUNIOR YEAR a. Surgical Anatomy — In small groups, sixteen hours. Dr. Clark. b. Extraction Clinic — Each section two hours a week for five weeks. Dr. Lundquist. c. Radiology — Lectures and practical instruction in radiographic room. Second semester. Two hours each week. Dr. Leach and Dr. Christiansen. d. Lecture — Anesthetics — Historical review; state of the patient; nature of operation; choice of anesthetic; prolonged dental opera- tions; circumstances of administration; examination of patients; gen- eral anesthetics, local and regional anesthetics, dangers of anesthesia; ether, chloroform, nitrous oxid ; nitrous oxid and oxygen for anes- thesia and analgesia; conductive anesthesia. One semester. One hour a week. Dr. Hatton. e. Clinical Demonstrations of Nitrous Oxid and Novocain An- esthesia — Daily in the extracting clinic. Dr. Lundquist and Dr. Clark. THE DENTAL SCHOOL SENIOR YEAR f. Lecture-recitation — Surgical bacteriolog}' ; inflammation; sup- puration ; wounds ; hemorrhage ; necrosis ; chronic osteitis ; disease of the maxillary- sinus; resection of roots; tetanus; ankylosis; arthritis; facial neuralgia; fractures; dislocations; extraction of teeth; malposi- tion of third molars; impacted teeth; replantation, transplantation, and implantation of teeth ; cleft palate and harelip ; affections of the lips, tongue, and mouth; tumors; odontomes; ranula; cysts; aneu- risms. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Gilmer and Professor Potts. g. Seminar-Theme — Review of the literature of oral surgery, with especial attention to the developments of the European War in maxillo-facial surgen-. For this course, selected groups of articles in the periodical literature and subjects in books will be assigned to small groups for seminar study. Each week a short theme will be presented by a member of the class and discussed by others. One hour a week throughout the 3'ear. Dr. Freeman. h. Surgical Clinic — ^Two hours a week throughout the 3"ear. Professor Gilmer, Professor Potts, Dr. Aleyer, Dr. Freeman and Assistants. Nurses from St. Luke's Hospital. The after-treatment of cases will be by students, under direction of Professor Gilmer. i. Special Surgical Clinic — Each section, one hour a week for five weeks. Dr. ^leyer. j. Clinic in the Extraction of Teeth — Special extraction clinic for each section, one hour a week for five weeks. Dr. Freeman, Dr. Lundquist, Dr. Clark. k. Clinical Administration of Anesthetics — Oral surger}' clinic. Two hours a week. Dr. Hatton. 1. Clinical Demonstrations of Xitrous Oxid and Novocain An- esthesia — Daily in extracting clinic. Dr. Lundquist and Dr. Clark. m. Radiology — Daily clinical instruction. Dr. Leach and Dr. Christiansen. Orthodontia PROFESSOR SELLERY JUNIOR YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — General Principles in Orthodontia — Tak- ing impressions and making models; fitting of appliances. Causes of malocclusion; principles of treatment; methods of retention. The object of this course is to familiarize the student with the philosophy of the correction of malocclusion so that he may undertake practical 28 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY cases at the earliest possible time. First semester. One hour a week. Professor Sellery. b. Laboratory — Constructing and tempering taps and dies of steel ; drawing wire and tubing suitable for the construction of or- thodontia appliances. Making of pinch bands, clamp bands and re- tainers; application of these to models on the manikin. First semester. Three hours a week. Dr. McClain. SENIOR YEAR c. Lecture-recitation — Occlusion and Facial Art — Etiology, classification, diagnosis of malocclusion. The alveolus and alveolar processes, the peridental membranes, and use of models. First semes- ter. One hour a week. Professor Sellery, Dr. Buckley and Dr. McClain. d. Lecture-recitation — Regulating Appliances, Angle, Guilford, Knapp — Anchorages, jack screws, levers, traction screws, expansion arch and combinations, split plates, reciprocal anchorages, retention. Illustrated with models, with movable teeth and enlarged appliances. Stereopticon views, illustrating progressive regulation and final fixa- tion. Second semester. One hour a week. Professor Sellery, Dr. Buckley and Dr. McClain. e. Clinic — Open to students throughout the year for the cor- rection of cases in practice. Each member of the class is required to complete at least one practical case. Professor Sellery, Dr. Buckley and Dr. McClain. f. Orthodontia Clinic — Each section one hour a week for five weeks. Professor Sellery. Pathology, General PROFESSOR HATTON JUNIOR YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — Etiology of Disease — Disorders of nutri- tion and metabolism; diabetes; fever; general circulatory disturb- ances; local hyperemia; local anemia; hemorrhage; embolism; infarc- tion; thrombosis; retrogressive processes; atrophy; infiltrations and degenerations; necrosis; inflammation; progressive tissue changes; neoplasms; infections; granulomata; bacteria, and diseases caused by them. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Hatton. b. Laboratory — Second semester. Class divided into sections, each section three hours a week. Recitations during laborator>^ hours. Professor Hatton and Dr. Tainter. THE DENTAL SCHOOL 29 Physics MR. WEBSTER FRESHMAN YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — This course covers the following selected topics from the first year of college physics: Mechanics of solids, liquids and gases; properties of matter and its internal forces; heat, expansion, specific heat and change of state; electricity, effect of elec- tric current, induction, electric discharge through gases. One hour a week. First semester. ]Mr. Webster. b. Laboratory — Experiments on the subjects covered in the lec- ture-recitation course. One two-hour period each week. First se- mester. Mr. Webster and Assistant. PROBLEMS IX DENTAL PHYSICS A number of important problems in dental physics will be intro- duced in the courses in operative and prosthetic dentistry. These will include measurements of the force of the bite, the force required to chew various foods, tests of finger power, the force required to condense cohesive gold, the hardness of various filling materials, shrinkage and expansion of amalgams, shrinkage and expansion of plaster, the force used in closing flasks, etc. Physiology PROFESSOR WIGGIN SOPHOMORE YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — The structure of the elementary tissue; the chemical composition of the body; the blood; the circulation of the blood. First semester. Two hours a week. Professor Wiggin and Dr. Wach. b. Lecture-recitation — Respiration — Secretion ; food digestion ; metabolism ; nutrition and diet ; animal heat ; excretion ; muscle ; nerve physiolog}^ production of voice. Second semester. Two hours a week. Professor Wiggin and Dr. Wach. c. Laboratory — Studies of muscles, circulation and respiration. Class divided into sections, each section one three-hour period a week throughout one semester. Professor Wiggin, Dr. Corcoran, and Assistants. JUNIOR YEAR d. Lecture-recitation — The Central Nervous System — Brain; spinal cord; reproductive organs; development. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Wiggin and Dr. Wach. 30 N O R T H W E S '1 J<: R N U N 1 V E R S 1 T Y Physical Diagnosis PROFESSOR WIGGIN JUNIOR YEAR -a. Lecture-recitation — Studies of the various parts of the body, technique, and general diagnosis. The pulse, chest, heart, valvular disease and other heart lesions. The lungs and pleural cavity. Dis- eases of stomach, pancreas, liver, intestines, spleen, kidneys. The bladder, rectal and genital organs. The blood, joints, nervous sys- tem. Second semester. One hour a week. Professor Wiggin. b. Laboratory — Class divided into small sections, each section one hour a week during four weeks. Professor Wiggin. Prosthetic Dentistry PROFESSOR RIDGWAY AND DR. SHOLES FRESHMAN YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — Prosthetic Technics — This course covers the fundamental principles of denture construction and crown and bridge work, and accompanies the laboratory course. One semester. Professor Ridgway. b. Laboratory — Impression taking, model constructing, occlud- ing, waxing, flasking; packing, vulcanizing and finishing partial and full artificial dentures. Construction of crowns and dummies, all metal, and metal and porcelain; assembling individual crow^ns and dummies to form bridges. Class divided into sections, each section nine hours a week throughout the year. Professor Ridgway, Dr. Kellogg, and Dr. Kurtz. SOPHOMORE YEAR c. Lecture-recitation — Metallography — A descriptive course on the nature and physical properties of metals, especially those used in dentistry, with fundamental principles of their uses; the manipu- lation of metals, swaging, annealing, solders and soldering, welding, tempering. First semester. One hour a week. Professor Ridgw^ay. d. Laboratory — ^Construction of dies and counter dies; swaging metal bases of German silver; attaching teeth by soldering and by vulcanite; construction of crowns and dummies, all metal, and metal and porcelain; assembling individual crowns and dummies to form bridges. First semester. Class divided into sections, each section nine hours a week. Professor Ridgway, Dr. Kellogg, and Dr. Kurtz. e. Lecture-recitation — The physical properties of plaster of Paris and other materials employed in prosthesis. Muscles of mastication ; THE DENTAL SCHOOL 31 force of the bite; movements of the lower jaw; natural arrangement and occlusion of artificial teeth. Second semester. One hour a week. Professor Ridgway. f. Laboratory — Construction of full metal and partial metal dentures, with teeth attached by soldering and by vulcanite; con- struction and application of clasps to partial dentures; advanced work in crow^ns and bridges. Second semester. Class divided into sections, each section nine hours a w^eek. Professor Ridgway, Dr. Kellogg, and Dr. Kurtz. JUNIOR YEAR g. Lecture-recitation — Review of technique principles outlined in previous courses; application to practical operations in the clinic. The physical properties of plaster of Paris and other materials em- ployed in prosthesis. Muscles of mastication; force of the bite; movements of the lower jaw ; natural arrangement and occlusion of artificial teeth. One hour a week. Professor Ridgway. h. Laboratory — Cast aluminum base dentures; celluloid den- tures; banded Logan crowns; baked porcelain crowns; porcelain bridges; continuous gum dentures. Professor Ridgway and Dr. Nalencz. i. Prosthetic Clinic — Each student is required to carry to com- pletion for patients a number of practical cases, representing each of the various classes of prosthesis, amounting to at least one hundred and fifty points in crowns and bridges and one hundred and fifty points in denture construction. Professor Ridgway, Dr. Sholes, and Assistants. SENIOR YEAR j. Lecture-recitation — Summary of recent methods and appli- ances; application of porcelain in prosthesis; porcelain crowns; porce- lain bridges, full porcelain dentures; gold casting applied to crowns and bridges; removable bridges; repairs to crowns and bridges; review of anatomical occlusion ; cleft palate appliances, splints for fractures. One hour a week. Professor Ridgway and Dr. Sholes. k. Seminar-Theme — Review of the literature of prosthetic den- tistry. For this course, selected articles in the periodical literature and subjects in books will be assigned to small groups for seminar study. Each week a short theme will be presented by a member of the class and discussed by others. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Ridgway. 1. Prosthetic Clinic — Practical pieces of prosthetic work of all varieties made and fitted for patients in the clinic. The preparation of roots for crowns and the abutments of bridges; making and set- 32 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY ting crowns and bridjj;es. The minimum requirement is two hundred points in crowns and bridges and two hundred points in dentures. Professor Ridgway, Dr. Sholes, and Assistants. Technical Drawing MR. O. E. MC BRIDE FRESHMAN YEAR a. Laboratory — This course is planned to give the student train- ing in drawing which will enable him to understand more readily and to portray more clearly the technical features of many problems presented in the dental course and in practice. The complete equip- ment of drawing instruments and materials for this course is supplied by the School. First semester. One three-hour period a week. Mr. McBride. Clinics The Operative, Prosthetic, Orthodontia, Extraction and Radio- graphic clinics are open to students' practice from 9 A. M. to 5 P. M. each week day during the school year, as well as during the summer vacation. There is at all times an abundant number of patients. It is intended that this clinical practice shall be as much like an actual dental practice as possible. The development of the ability to obtain and hold a practice, the observance of professional courtesy toward patients, so essential to success, is regarded equal in impor- tance to the development of manipulative ability. THE DENTAL SCHOOL 33 General Statements REQUIREMENTS FOR A DEGREE The degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery is conferred upon stu- dents recommended therefor by the Faculty of the School. Candi- dates are recommended who have attended the required courses of lectures, who have passed satisfactorily all required examinations In the subjects of study; who have completed the required clinical and laboratory w^ork; w^ho In the judgment of the Faculty are of fit moral character and are twenty-one 5^ears of age, and who have discharged In full all financial obligations to the University. HONORS A dental scholastic honor society, the Omicron Kappa Upsilon, was organized In 1916, upon the Initiative of Northwestern Univer- sity Dental School. Membership Is awarded to students who throughout their dental course have met every requirement w^ithout condition or failure, and w^hose record of grades earned during their entire course gives them highest rank. Twelve per cent of the graduating class of each year can achieve the honor of such membership. SUMMER CLINICS The clinic rooms will be open all the year for the benefit of students who may wish to gain greater experience in clinical practice under competent supervision. The number of demonstrators during the summer will be ample for the class that may choose to remain at the school. The clinical material Is abundant, and an excellent opportunity is afforded for clinical practice. CLINICAL MATERIAL The value and adequacy of the clinical instruction and experi- ence in practice to students Is Inestimable. The extent of It can be best understood by an examination of the subjoined statement of patients cared for during each of the five years from 19 13 to 191 8: General Special Total For the year 1913-14 6,418 6,524 12,942 For the year 1914-15 8,184 8,323 16,507 For the year 1915-16 9,585 7,cx>7 16,592 For the year 1917 10,662 7,945 18,607 For the year 1918 8,623 6,504 15,127 34 N O R T H W E S 1^ E R N UNIVERSITY Due to the change from the three- to the four-year course, both the Senior and Junior classes for 1919-20 were unusually small, and it was impossible to care for many persons who applied for clinic service. The number of patients and the operations mentioned be- low are therefore considerably less than the School's average : 1919 General Special Total January 681 531 1,212 February 609 655 1,264 March 403 573 976 April 553 628 1,181 May 416 431 847 June 138 63 201 July 296 257 553 August 489 71 560 September 322 60 382 October 696 277 973 November 419 185 604 December 290 135 425 5,312 3,866 9,178 The special patients are those who ask to be assigned to particular students, while the general patients are assigned to such students as need the particular, experience and practice that their cases involve. Many of these general patients have come to the school for a number of years and continue to come in the same manner as they w^ould go to the office of a dental practitioner. The school has thus acquired a very large clinic, but the students are encouraged to have their friends ask for their especial services, as a step in the direction of the teaching of practice building. The operations performed for the 9,178 patients during the year included the following: 4,260 gold fillings. 4,i44 local anesthetics. 3,344 amalgam fillings. 55 orthodontia cases. 1,860 gold inlays. 8,559 radiograms, mouth films. 737 cement fillings. 1,058 vulcanite dentures. 91 pulps devitalized. 4 gold dentures. i,ooo pulps removed — cocain. 2 aluminum dentures. 289 dead pulps removed. 5 Watt's metal dentures. 33 abscess treatments. 333 dentures repaired. 50 root canal treatments. 131 gold crowns. 1,433 root fillings. 135 Richmond crowns. 3,133 scalings and peridental mem- 99 detachable pin crowns, brane treatments. 70 cast base crowns. 617 surgical treatments. 13 other crowns. 13,440 teeth extracted. 515 bridges. 405 gas administrations. 381 crown and bridge repairs. THE DENTAL SCHOOL 35 TEXT-BOOKS Text-books and reference books will be on sale in the Library of the school at publishers' prices. There will be a small profit from the sale of these books, which will be used for the benefit of the librar3^ Each student will be required to have the books designated before participating in either recitation or laboratory exercises. Many reference books in the library ma)' be used as needed. INSTRUMENTS The instruments essential to the students in the several depart- ments of the school have been carefully studied and determined. Much care has been taken in the selection of the instrument sets that the variety of forms may be sufficient for the student's needs without being excessive. Close study of this subject and long, careful obser- vation of students and the progress they make in the attainment of manipulative skill show their progress to be closely related to their instrument equipment. Therefore this school must demand that the instrument sets required be obtained by each student as a condition to his continuance in school work. In operative dentistry it is found that a close adherence to the formula plan, in the study of cutting instruments particularly, is essential in teaching the important subject of cavity preparation, and this will be carried out critically in all the departments of the school. This teaching is begun in the technic classes and the same lines of instruction are followed progressively by teachers and demonstrators in all of the departments to the end of the Senior year, the same instrument sets being used throughout the course of study. In prosthetic dentistry and in the several laboratories a similar care as to instruments is maintained. The instruments in the list are required because they are essen- tial to the student's progress, and students must provide them. Students should not bring with them, nor purchase, instruments of other patterns, for they cannot be received as equivalents of the required sets. No student is required to make changes in his instru- ment sets during his four years' course, and these instruments form his instrument equipment for entering practice after graduation. 36 NOR IH WES TERN UNIVERSITY Fees and Expenses FOR THE YEAR I92O-I92I Matriculation Fee $5.00 This fee is to be paid when a student first matriculates in any department of the University, and covers subsequent matriculations in the same or other departments. It is to be paid but once and is in no case returnable. Registration Deposit, each year $5.00 This deposit must be paid w^hen names are enrolled for classes. It will be credited on the tuition fee for the current year. It is not returnable in case the student fails to attend. If the first matricula- tion of the student is in the Dental School, the matriculation fee will serve as a registration fee for that year, but the matriculation fee is not credited on the tuition fee. Tuition Fee, each year $250.00 This fee includes the registration deposit, but not the matricula- tion fee. It includes all laboratory fees for equipment and supplies, but not for manuals and notebooks. Each student is provided with a locker for the protection of his private property. Each Freshman will be charged for three new padlocks for his lockers. Each student operating in the clinic will be charged a towel fee each year. Final Exa?nination Fee, for Seniors $iO.OO Time of Payment of Tuition — The tuition fee is payable at the beginning of the school year. It may be paid in two installments, $125.00 at the beginning of the first semester and $125.00 at the beginning of the second semester. If installments are not paid within ten days of the opening of the semester, $2.00 will be added, but in no case may payment be deferred more than thirty days. Payments should be made in currency or in Chicago exchange drawn to the order of Northwestern University. Out-of-town personal checks are not accepted. Refunds — No fees for tuition will be refunded except in cases of sickness. If on account of serious illness a student withdraws from the School before the end of the school year, a share of his tuition fee may be refunded, provided he secures from the Dean a statement of honorable standing, and from a physician a certificate that his health will not permit him to remain in attendance. No application for a refund will be considered unless made within thirty days after withdrawal from the School on account of sickness. THE DENTAL SCHOOL 37 COST OF BOOKS AND EQUIPMENT The amounts given below are as nearly correct as can be de- termined in advance, owing to the changes which may occur in prices or in the selection of books, instruments and other equipment. As many of the books and almost all of the other equipment listed for each of the first three years are required in the succeeding years, the figures given apply only to those students entering this school as Freshmen. Students entering with advanced standing, or by transfer from other Dental Schools, will be required to purchase whatever may be necessary of the books and equipment listed for preceding years. For the year 1920-21, the School will supply the books and equipment for the several classes. On account of the difficulty of securing equipment, orders were placed far in advance, so that stu- dents are assured of having everything necessary for the pursuit of their work. In order to reduce the cost of equipment as much as possible, the School will supply certain items, such as student operat- ing cases, etc., which the student will not need after graduation, upon a rental basis. The student should come prepared to purchase the complete outfit of books and instruments at the opening of school, in addition to at least the first semester tuition. ESTIMATE OF COST OF BOOKS AND EQUIPMENT FOR EACH CLASS FOR THE YEAR 1 920- 1 92 I Freshman year, books as per required list, about $ 50.00 Instruments and other equipment, as per required list, about 150.00 ^ $200.00 Sophomore year, books, about $ 20.00 Instruments and other equipment, about. 260.00 $280.00 Junior year, books, about $ 35,00 Instruments and other equipment, about 30.00 $ 65.00 Senior year, books, about $ 15.00 ESTIMATE OF TOTAL EXPENSES FOR FOUR-YEAR COURSE Freshman year, matriculation, tuition, books and equipment $ 455.00 Sophomore year, tuition, books and equipment 530.00 Junior year, tuition, books and equipment 315.00 Senior year, tuition, final examination fee, books and equipment. . . . 275.00 TOTAL $1,575.00 38 N O R T H W E S T K R N UNIVERSITY This is an average of about $400.00 per year. The equipment includes practically everything required for a dentist's office, except dental chair and office furniture, so that while the expense for equip- ment in school is considerable, it should not be counted as a school expense, but rather as a part of the expense of office equipment. After the Sophomore year, the expense in addition to the tuition is small, so that the student is likely to be better prepared to meet the cost of office equipment at the time of graduation. UNIVERSITY NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR PERSONAL LOSSES The University is not responsible for the loss of any personal property belonging to any of the students in any building owned by the University, whether the loss occurs by theft, fire, or an unknown cause. CHARGE FOR BREAKAGE Students will be held responsible for unnecessary damage to or breakage of the apparatus, equipment, furniture or other property of the University. students' extra FUNDS Students who bring with them larger amounts of funds than their immediate requirements necessitate may deposit the same in the University business office, in the rotunda on first floor, and draw on this deposit from time to time as needed, under such regulations as may be prescribed. BOARD AND ROOM Rooms and board may be obtained at $10.00 to $15.00 a week. Rooms without board, furnished or unfurnished, may be had at $14.00 to $25.00 a month. A department of the Y. M. C. A. is maintained in the Univer- sity Building, which looks especially to the students' interest in this direction. In case students are compelled to do some outside work to assist them while attending school, this department will also endeavor to secure such employment as the student may be able to do without detriment to his educational work. the university DORMITORIES The University dormitories are situated on the North Campus near the University Gymnasium, and within a five-minute walk to the Elevated trains with direct service to Chicago. ' Applications for the reservation of rooms should be made to the Secretary of the Dental School and should be accompanied by a deposit of $10. THE DENTAL SCHOOL 39 Register of Students, 1919-1920 Auerbach, Bernard Illinois Berndt, Arthur Walter Illinois Brahv, Nicholas Richard Illinois Brown, William H Wisconsin Buttner, Olga Ruth Idaho Cardio, Frank E Iowa Church, Robert Robins. . . .Tennessee Cigrand, Elroy Franklin Illinois Collins, J. Blaine Ohio Curtin, Thomas P Minnesota Deason, Chester O. .. .North Dakota Dinan, Wilfred Irvin Texas Dunn, Herbert J Wisconsin Dodge, Watson Arthur Kansas Eastwold, Conrad E Minnesota Enloe, Alfred Georgia Eshelman, Clyde Daniel ... .Indiana Fosket, Robert R Illinois Grandson, Clarence M. North Dakota Gruesen, Joseph L Minnesota Haney, Mark H Minnesota Hendrick, James H Michigan Hinman, Donald M Illinois Hornbeck, Ralph Wisconsin Kamins, Harry H Illinois *Koppel, Louis Wisconsin Kerwin, Joseph Francis Illinois Ludwig, William Raymond. .Indiana Macey, Harry P Minnesota Martin, Eric Illinois Monson, Harry Alfred Illinois Riegel, Harry J Illinois Roman, Benjamin Andrew Ohio Root, Melvin Austin, Jr Illinois Runyan, Lewis Nichols Illinois Seise, John Goddard Illinois Seidenberg, Alfred H Wisconsin Sprecher, Arthur South Dakota Starshak, Tom Cyril Illinois Strauss, William John Illinois Sullivan, William H Wisconsin Schwartz, Abraham Illinois Thorsen, Arthur Valdimar. . .Illinois Tillotson, Kendall S Illinois Tippet, Bert Minnesota Wedeber, Carl Oscar. .North Dakota Williams, Russell Reed. .. .Montana JUNIORS Aron, Eugene S Illinois Barker, Graham Frank. ,. .Michigan Bell, E. Cyril Indiana Blachly, D. W Indiana Blais, Otto R Minnesota Brady, Harold James. .. .Wisconsin Chase, Ralph R Michigan Chrt, George Illinois Collins, Joseph W., Jr. .South Dakota fCrawford, Robey Texas Dang, Tai Hee. Hawaii Datz, William F., Jr Illinois Dewey, Walter M Michigan Dybdal, Arthur E Minnesota Garrison, Nelson Illinois Gates, Raymond John Illinois Gifford, Frank Missouri Golden, Harold Miller Florida Greenburg, Julius Nelson. .. .Illinois Gunn, John Harvey Michigan Hall, Edwin E .Ohio Harris, Richard V Minnesota Hax, George W Illinois Hay, Robert B Maryland Highum, Alvin Minnesota Hinson, J. Y North Carolina Howell, Raymond L Indiana Hulvey, Leo Illinois Johnson, Arthur Lee. . .South Dakota Johnson, Walter Ralph Illinois Kelly, Harley Edmund Iowa Larsen, Reuben South Dakota *Matriculated but not in attendance. fDeceased. 40 N O R 1 H W i: S T K R N U N 1 V E R S 1 1' Y Lasater, R. Landess Tennessee Leininger, Clarence W Illinois Marks, Arthur Alabama Mathews, Harry W Washington Mazurek, Joseph S Wisconsin McKee, Dale L South Dakota Moore, Carl L Kansas Murphrey, W. E., Jr. North Carolina Murphy, Maxwell C Texas Nishimura, Hideichi Hawaii Peters, Leonard A Iowa Poliak, Edward A Colorado Quinlan, Leo Jerome Indiana Rafish, Samuel M ..Montana Romine, Neva Louise Kansas Rubens, Sidney Leon Illinois Schauf, Edward John Illinois Shissler, Francis Illinois *Spiegelglass, Naum A Illinois Steffes, Clarence L Illinois Stephan, Harry C Indiana Swanson, Edgar Walfred ... Indiana Taggart, Eleanora Ethel ... .Illinois Toraason, Hiram W Wisconsin Walling, Myron B Illinois Watkins, Vertice O Arizona Weiss, Leslie Lisle Indiana Woods, Harold J Illinois SOPHOMORES Barcroft, Dwight Taylor. . . .Illinois Barnard, Richard Edwin. .. .Illinois Bell, James R Illinois Black, Rhea Edwin Illinois Blackwood, Howard C Illinois Brandser, Robert Edward. Wisconsin Brooks, Malcolm P Illinois Burr, Clarence Henderson. . .Canada Coleman, William Arthur Iowa Comee, Cyril C Wisconsin Cook, Jean Indiana Crabtree, Clayton Mack Illinois Creviston, Ralph R Indiana Curtis, Merrill H District of Columbia Davis, Paul K Illinois Easterwood, Charles G Texas Einhorn, Joseph Illinois Evanson, Louise Illinois Frerlchs, Arthur W. . . .South Dakota Gevirtz, Jasper Indiana Grahn, Earl G. W Illinois Handler, E. David Illinois Hansen, Ellen Gurine Illinois Hansen, Frederik L Illinois Hatcher, Oliver P Tennessee Hill, Lloyd B Kansas Hockings, Robert Burnell. Michigan Houlihan, Joseph H Iowa Howard, Gordon M Illinois Isay, Morton G Illinois James, Charles S Massachusetts Jostes, Benedict H Illinois Kalb, Thaddeus F Indiana Kobrzynski, Harriet E Illinois Kopperud, William. .. North Dakota Kraft, David Indiana Moe, Harold South Dakota Nortell, Harry Illinois O'Hara, John Sterling Michigan *Palmer, Alva Martha. .. .Montana Pendergast, William B Illinois Peters, Wilfred S Illinois Polisky, Jacob Illinois Prince, George M Illinois Probst, Edmund Aloysius. . .Indiana Rappaport, Bernard Illinois Reese, H. Cortland Illinois Ringland, Kenneth W Illinois Runyan, George W Indiana Scher, Jacob Illinois Schumaker, James Robert. .. .Illinois Seim, Roy H Wisconsin Serritella, William Illinois Silver, Saul Illinois Skebelsky, Martin S Illinois Skrentny, Matthew Indiana Smith, J. Robert Colorado Specter, Wilmont E Indiana Sprunt, William H Idaho Stephenson, Lindale Van.. New York Sturdavant, Forest Illinois Thompson, David John Illinois Tillson, Frank C Montana Wagner, J. Harold Illinois Walker, Homer Lee Illinois Wanamaker, Frank H. . .Washington Wasson, Joseph S Illinois ♦Matriculated but not in attendance. THE DENTAL SCHOOL 41 Wescott, Randall L Illinois Wheale, John T Indiana Williams, G. Hewett Oklahoma Williams, Roger S Wisconsin Wood, Norton J Michigan Young, Owen Arkansas Zimmer, William P Illinois FRESHMEN Adams, William M. .. .Washington Ahnstrom, C. Raymond. . .New York *Allen, Wayne L Illinois Anderson, Carl William. .. .Illinois Anderson, Louis P Utah *Babcock, James A. . . .North Dakota Balbach, George Jacob Illinois Balhatchett, George W Illinois Bank, Carl H Michigan Barlow, William Anderson. .Illinois *Barteau, Roy Minnesota Baxter, Glenn B Iowa Bayne, Neil E Montana Benson, William H Illinois Bentz, Allan Utah Berg, Stanley Hjalmer. North Dakota Berry, Arthur L Illinois Bettenhausen, Lloyd George.. Illinois *Bird, Boyden Utah Boone, Glen C Illinois Boucher, Orlando Illinois Bowker, Harry C Illinois Boyd, John Bedford Illinois *Brinkerhoff, Garry R Illinois Brown, Daniel P Illinois Brown, Donovan Ward Indiana Bruce, Jack Edward, Jr. .Wisconsin Bruce, Ray Wisconsin Bult, Lawrence Illinois Burke, Joe F South Dakota *Bvrne, Frank R Illinois *Calenda, Fred K. L New York ♦Callander, Adelbert R Ohio Cameron, Charles A Canada Campbell, John Nelson. North Dakota Caplan, Julius Indiana Casewell, Cuthbert C Canada Chisholm, Reginald H Virginia Christiansen, Odd Norway Clark, Thomas A Montana Clearwater, Edgar B Iowa Cohn, Hymen J Illinois *Colby, James R Wisconsin Collins, D. H South Dakota Connell, Francis M Iowa Corrin, Roger J Michigan Crandall, Mvron Francis. .Minnesota *Culley, Harry B Illinois Cunat, Miles j Illinois ♦Cunningham, James T Ohio Curtis, Nathaniel Arizona Dally, Michael Henry Illinois Dameron, Logan D Arizona Deahl, Elmer Illinois Delph, Dennis Indiana Denison, William Russell . .Indiana *DeWindt, Herbert J Michigan Diehl. Val C South Dakota Dingle, Roy F Minnesota Dobson, Andrew E Iowa Dorsey, Louis W Michigan Drummond, Harold C. .. .Michigan *Duggan, Claude S Wyoming Dumbauld, Ernest B Indiana Dunn, Howard G Iowa Dunsworth, Leon B Canada *Ellenberg, Jacob Illinois Ericson, Marvin G... North Dakota Evans, Phillip S Idaho Fellows, Earl Wiley Illinois Ferdinand, William V Illinois Fisher, Wilfred E North Dakota Foss, William J Illinois ♦Freeman, Sewell C Michigan ♦Frost, C, Wallace Montana Fults, Floyd Z Indiana Garvin, Franklin Martin Texas Gaul, Edward C Illinois Gidley, Gerald H Indiana Gillespie, Walter James L'tah Gillmeister, Benjamin M. .. .Illinois Gilroy, John J Illinois Gjerset, Maurice J Iowa Gleave, Leo E Utah Goldbranson, Kent L Utah Goldman, Max Illinois ♦Matriculated but not in attendance. 42 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Goldstein, Samuel L Illinois Gray, Charles Montana Gray, Emory Speer Illinois Grundy, George Benj Oklahoma Gunther, Frank M Illinois Gysin, Elmer F Wisconsin Hadden, Gilbert E Illinois Halbeisen, Harold J.. North Dakota *Hallgren, Edward R Illinois Hamilton, Harold F. .. .Washington Handelman, George Illinois Hanson, Clarence A Minnesota Harr, Hartnett L Indiana Hartley, Harry A Iowa Havelka, Rudolph Illinois Headen, Leon William Alabama Hess, Elmer R Illinois Hines, Hubert B Illinois Hoag, Eugene E Illinois Holzberger, Lloyd F Montana *Horwitz, Max S Illinois Hoxsey, Floyd L Illinois Huffman, Luverne M.. North Dakota Hultquist, Harry F New York Humpidge, Walter C Illinois Hurwitz, Albert Ervin. .Washington Hutt, Spence Atwell Illinois Israel, Abraham Illinois Jackson, Milon B Michigan Jennings, Ovid J Indiana Jensen, L, Wallace Utah Johnson, Otto M Illinois Johnson, Solomon E Illinois Jones, Fenton Carlyle, Jr Iowa Karzen, Harry Illinois Keough, Frank, Jr Michigan Kern, Roy Anton Illinois *Kidd, James Illinois Kidder, Wayne G Michigan Killip, Merrill H Illinois Kinsman, George H Iowa Kleiman, Samuel R Illinois Knitter, Bernard Illinois Kogen, Barney I Illinois Kolling, William Illinois Korssell, Harold M Illinois Kruth, Roy Albert Wisconsin *Kudrle, N, LeRoy Iowa LaCount, Paul Indiana Laederach, Walter Edward. .Illinois Lahr, Elven Scott Indiana Lanser, Matthew T Iowa Lawson, Ralph Jack Ohio Lewis, William E Missouri Lindstrom, Carl Illinois Livingstone, Donald M Canada *Luczak, Leon Frank Illinois Lynch, William J Indiana Lyons, Vaughan D Idaho Lyons, Wayne Charles Illinois Magee, Roy M Oklahoma Maika, Henry Frederick. . .Nebraska Mastrud, Albert F North Dakota Mathews, Oliver S Illinois Mathew, Oren Indiana Mayland, Leon M Illinois McDaniel, Donald J Illinois McEwen, Robert A Illinois McNicol, Thomas K Canada Meese, Raymond E Indiana Menkemeller, Chester K.. Oklahoma Miller, Elmer G Missouri Miller, Floyd H Illinois Minshall, Lawrence K Illinois Moran, James Illinois Mudra, James, Jr Illinois Murray, Horatio S Wisconsin Neperud, Marvin S Wisconsin New, Harland Illinois Newbury, Wallace J Wisconsin Newell, Robert Nebraska Nimtz, Elmer J Illinois *Noonan, George C Illinois Nordlie, Arndt B Illinois Northcutt, Claude Oklahoma *Nyvall, Evar Illinois O'Brien, George W Illinois Olson, Reuben M Illinois Oltman, Harold C Missouri Ong, George Illinois *Orris, F, Russel Canada Pacey, Walter Illinois Pafford, Ernest M Arizona ^Patterson, Phillip H Alabama Pearson, Herschel E Idaho Peterson, Clarence H Illinois Peterson, Clyde A South Dakota *Peterson, Ellen Madonna. Wyoming Plekenpol, Lester Jerome.. Wisconsin *Pohlmann, Fred H Illinois Poliak, Meyer S Colorado Powers, John R Illinois 'Matriculated but not in attendance. THE DENTAL SCHOOL 43 Premack, Hymen A Illinois Pulley, Ralph B Illinois Rahn, Walter G Illinois *Raker, George South Dakota Reeder, Daniel M Illinois Renner, Herbert E. W Illinois ♦Richards, William J Michigan *Riley, Warren J Canada Ringland, Raymond R Illinois Rivkin, Samuel B Illinois Robbins, William M.. North Dakota Roberts, Albert Lincoln Illinois Roe, Arthur Illinois Rose, William Alexander. .Kentucky Rottenberg, Isadore Illinois Rowen, Howard E Illinois Rubenstein, Obbie Abraham. Canada Ruggles, Leonard B Michigan Ryan, Leonard L Canada Sackhein, David Illinois Sanderson, Leon T Canada Schaefer, Roy C South Dakota *Schleyer, H. Allen Wisconsin Schmidt, W^illiam George F.Canada Schow, Willes Idaho Scroggin, Guy F Illinois Seaborg, Axel A Illinois *Seabrook, William Henry. .Illinois Shackelford, J. Gordon Arizona *Shalitt, Irving D Illinois Sharp, Baxter Reed Illinois Sheppard, Clyde C Illinois Siljan, Sigurd South Dakota Skehar, Harry George Canada Skuse, James B Illinois Smith, Douglas D Montana Smith, Wilbur S Illinois *Smook, Ivan S Illinois Snyder, Robert Wisconsin Soffel, Quintin I Illinois Steiner, Charles J Indiana Stern, Henry Illinois Stevenson, George A Illinois Strong, Lawrence Illinois Sugar, Milton Harry Indiana Sugrue, James Illinois Sutherland, H. Ross Canada Swindell, Merle Rex Michigan Taylor, Ray H Illinois Teaff, James W Ohio *Thomas, Clarence L Michigan Thompson, Laurence B Illinois Thomson, Llovd C... North Dakota Tittle, Felix S Illinois Townsend, Gerald W Illinois Touzel, Mervyn Canada Ullestad, Rolf J Illinois Vangsnes, Olaf Illinois Vitullo, Frank M Illinois Webb, William M Illinois Weekes, W. Edward Nebraska Wellenstein, Melchior ...Minnesota Wellington, Charles W Canada W^estphal, Fred M Illinois White, Arthur C New York Wiesjahn, Alvin Indiana *Wilcox, Curtis M ..Wisconsin Williams, Russell Illinois Willson, Kenneth F... North Dakota Wojniak, Joseph S Illinois Wolfe, Lynn B West Virginia Wood, Gary R Indiana *Wright, Arthur Illinois Wurth, Albert Ohio Zagers, Edward Michigan Zatlin, Albert Illinois Zee, Tsah Yoong China POST-GRADUATE CLASS February, 1920 Arai, Hirokichi, D.D.S Illinois Baker, William A., D.D.S. .Missouri Barnard, R. F., D.D.S Indiana *Barnes, C. L., D.D.S. .. .Mississippi Bayley, Guy F., D.D.S Ohio Busch, Ernest, D.D.S Missouri Chiles, C. D., D.D.S Alabama Coffman, W. C, D.D.S Kentuckv Conn, R. W., D.D.S Canada Douglas, H. W., D.D.S Arkansas Edenburn, E. E., D.D.S Indiana *Eheart, F. W., D.D.S Virginia Fuerst, Henry F., D.D.S. . .Colorado Garrison, R. Elliott, D.D.S. .Indiana Gephardt, R. A., D.D.S Indiana ♦Granger, T. H., D.D.S. .Oklahoma ♦Matriculated but not in attendance. 44 N O R 1 H W E S T E R N U N I V E R S KE Y *Greenwoocl, W. E,, D.D.S... Michigan *Haggard, O. L. F., D.D.S. Alabama Harrington, J. R., D.D.S. .. .Indiana Hawkins, O. I., D.D.S Illinois Hester, J. N., D.D.S. North Carolina *Hope, B., D.D.S Arkansas House, A. N., D.D.S Nebraska Hune, H. B., D.D.S Ohio Hunt, L. C, D.D.S Wyoming Janes, L. V., D.D.S Canada Knight, William E., D.D.S. .. .Ohio *LaCour, B. J., D.D.S Louisiana *Laird, Arthur M., D.D.S. .Kentucky Leavell, Fred W., D.D.S Indiana Lindley, J. H., D.D.S Indiana Loomis, Neal M., D.D.S. .. .Indiana Madigan, H. H., D.D.S Michigan McCann, George C, D.D.S. .Illinois McKinney, R. H., D.D.S Missouri *McMeekin, J. D., D.D.S South Carolina McPherson, Jas., D.D.S Canada Miller, Jesse W., Jr., D.D.S.. ^ Missouri *Morris, Robert L., D.D.S Tennessee Owen, Harry S., D.D.S Texas Pentecost, P. J., D.D.S Indiana Ramsey, Minton T., D.D.S. . .Texas *Riedel, Harry C, D.D.S. .. .Illinois Rosado, G. O., D.D.S Louisiana Schugh, Lilly May, D.D.S Idaho Seamans, J. O., D.D.S Georgia Smith, G. W. B., D.D.S South Carolina Tichv, Joseph, D.D.S Illinois Waker, J. B., D.D.S. .South Carolina Wallace, C. B., D.D.S Texas Wallis, Robert, D.D.S Illinois Walsh, Thomas E Illinois White, A. W., D.D.S Tennessee Whitson, L. F., D.D.S Kansas Williamson, F. M., D.D.S British Columbia ^Matriculated but not in attendance. THE DENTAL SCHOOL 45 Geographical Distribution of Students bemors Alabama Arizona Arkansas Canada China Colorado District of Columbia Florida Georgia i Hawaii Idaho I Illinois 19 Indiana 2 Iowa I Kansas i Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Massachusetts Michigan i Minnesota 6 Mississippi Missouri Montana i Nebraska New York North Carolina North Dakota 3 Norway Ohio 2 Oklahoma South Carolina South Dakota i Tennessee i Texas i Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin 6 Wyoming Juniors Sopho- mores Fresh- men Post- Graduates Total 2 2 5 1 4 2 5 3 I 15 4 20 I I 4 I I I 2 2 I 38 10 2 4 118 18 II 7 • 9 7 200 46 16 I I 5 2 3 2 2 I I I 3 14 5 24 15 I 2 3 6 4 8 10 3 4 I 4 5 3 I II 15 I I I 5 4 11 6 2 I I 7 I 2 3 3 14 5 8 7 I 7 2 I 3 I 5 I 4 12 2 25 3 47 60 74 265 55 501 46 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Northwestern University Dental School Alumni Association OFFICERS FOR I919-I92O M. M. Printz, President, Chicago. Benj. S. Partridge, First Vice-President, Chicago. George E. Meyer, Second Vice-President, Chicago. James L. Morlan, Secretary and Treasurer, 25 E. Washington St., Chicago. executive committee Eugene Maginnis, Chairman, Chicago. T. B. S. Wallace, Chicago. G. G. Knapp, Chicago. The annual Home-coming Clinic is held on Monday and Tues- day of commencement week each year at the University Building. The Association publishes a quarterly Journal, which is a medium for the circulation of articles of interest to Northwestern alumni and for the exchange of friendly greetings. The Alumni Associa- tion and the Journal exist for the purpose of maintaining and ad- vancing all things of mutual interest to the alumni and the School. All members of the Association in good standing will receive the Journal. Any graduate of the Northwestern University Dental School may become a member of the Alumni Association upon pay- ment of the membership fee of one dollar and dues of one dollar annually. We ask that the Alumni support the Association and the Journal, and co-operate earnestly with the officers in making our official publication a still greater success. For information regarding the Association, address the Secretary. James L. Morlan, Secretary-Treasurer, 25 E. Washington St., Chicago. For information regarding the School, address Northwestern University Dental School, 31 W. Lake St., Chicago.